Přijato (Accepted) 05.03.2014
ELATERIDARIUM ročník 8 (2014)   strany  61-66  (14.03.2014)
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Poznámky k rozšíření Lacon nadaii a L. unicolor
(Coleoptera: Elateridae)


Distributional notes on Lacon nadaii and L. unicolor
(Coleoptera: Elateridae)

Josef Mertlik & Tamás Németh

1) Pohřebačka 34, CZ-53345 Opatovice nad Labem, Czech Republic
mertlik@elateridae.com
2) Hungarian Natural History Museum, Department of Zoology, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary
haesito@gmail.com


Abstract. Records of Lacon nadaii Platia & Németh, 2011 and Lacon unicolor (Candéze, 1874) are listed. Published records of L. unicolor from Turkey were revised and the specimens proved to belong to L. nadaii. Additional specimens of L. nadaii were found in Turkey, Iran and Iraq. Habitus and habitat photographs of both species and distributional map are also given.

Key words: Coleoptera, Elateridae, Lacon nadaii, L. unicolor, distribution, Asia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey

 

Collections

     The material studied is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest (HNHM), (Hungary), National Museum, Praha (NMP) (Czech Republic), private collections of Václav Dušánek, Zábřeh (Czech Republic), Dirk Frenzel, Sonneberg (Germany), Sándor Ilniczky, Budapest (Hungary), Vítězslav Kubáň, Šlapanice (Czech Republic), Josef Mertlik, Opatovice nad Labem (Czech Republic), László Nádai, Budapest (Hungary), Giuseppe Platia, Gatteo (Italy) and Béla Szelenczey, Győr (Hungary).


Distribution of Lacon nadaii Platia & Németh, 2011

 
Described from Iran: prov. Kordestan, Askaran (35°05.095'N, 46°54.239'E), 25 km S from Sanandag, Kuhhâ-ye-Zagros, Kuh-e-Shâhn, 1350 m, 8.vi.2007, 1 ♂ (holotype), at light, L. Nádai leg., HNHM coll.; dtto, 1 ♂ (paratype), G. Platia coll.
 
Published data:
Turkey, prov. Mardin, Haberli, 33 km SE Midyat (37°17'N, 41°35'E), 17.v.2001, 1 ♂, S. Kadlec leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll. (Mertlik & Platia 2008 as Lacon unicolor), J. Mertlik revid. 2014.
 
New data:
Iran, prov. Kordestan, Mts. Zagros, Askaran (35°05.0881'N, 46°54.237'E), 1365 m, 8.v.2008, 1 ex., singling and sweep netting, T. Hácz, K. Székely & K. Vig leg., J. Mertlik det. 2010 as Lacon unicolor, T. Németh revid. 2014, HNHM coll.
Turkey, prov. Siirt, Baykan dint., 18.v.2012, 1 ♂, A. Kozlov leg., G. Platia det. et coll.
Iraq, prov. Kurdistan, Khurmal, 700 m, 15.vi.1976, 2 ♂♂, J. Macek leg., V. Kubáň et J. Mertlik coll., J. Mertlik det. 2014.
Iraq, prov. Kurdistan, Penjwin, 1300 m, 11.v.1976, 1 ♂, J. Macek leg., V. Kubáň coll., J. Mertlik det. 2014.
 
New species for Iraq and Turkey.

  

Distribution of Lacon unicolor (Candèze, 1874)

 
Described from Iran [Perse. (Coll. Jans.)].
 
Published data:
Iran: Pusht-i Kuh, 2000 m [ Poucht-é-Kouh: Halazard] (Buysson 1906).
Iran, Pusht-i Kuh, Shirvan, 900 m [Poucht-é-Kouh: Chirvan] (Buysson 1906).
Iran, without exact locality and data, 2 ex., F. Brandt leg. (Platia & Gudenzi 1999).
Iran, prov. Mazandaran, valley of Haraz Chay river, 22 km S Amol, C Elburz Mts, 23.-24.vii.1970, 1 ex., loc. no. 69, Exp. Nat. Mus. Praha (Cate, Platia & Schimmel 2002).
Iran, prov. Khuzestan, Pol-e Tang, 60 km NW Andimeshk, 490 m, 10.-11.iv.1977, 3 ex., loc. no. 284, Exp. Nat. Mus. Praha (Cate, Platia & Schimmel 2002) –   1 ♂, 1 ♀, in NMP coll., J. Mertlik revid. 2014.
Iran, prov. Fars, vic. Qualat (29°48’13”N, 52°19’11”E), 2000-2150 m, 28.iv.2010, 1 ♂, D. Frenzel leg. et coll., G. Platia det. (Platia 2013).
Iran, prov. Fars, 30 km E Kazerun, 8.-10.vi.1973, 4 ex., loc. no. 229, Exp. Nat. Mus. Praha (Cate, Platia & Schimmel 2002) – 1 ex. in G. Platia coll., 3 ♂♂, in NMP coll., J. Mertlik revid. 2014.
Iran, prov. Kerman, Posht-e Kuh, 50 km NW Dowlatabad, 1700 m, 21.-22.v.1977, 1 ex., loc. no. 343, Exp. Nat. Mus. Praha (Cate, Platia & Schimmel 2002).
 
New data:
Iran, prov. East Azerbaijan, Sarqi, 15km E of Ahar, village Tazekandi, 14.vi.2004, 1 ex., at light, K. Gaskó & Gy. Rozner leg., T. Németh det. 2011, HNHM coll.
Iran, prov. Alborz, Keredj, Elbursgebirge [Teheran, Keredj, 1 ex., Brandt], 1936, 1 ex., W. Brandt leg., G. Platia det. et coll.
Iran, prov. Markazi, Tagarak, 2.iv.2004, 2 ex., Benedek et Hácz leg., Platia det. 2010, HNHM coll.
Iran, prov. Ilam, 30 km NW Ilam (33°43'N, 46°25'E), 1786 m, 7.vii.2004, 5 ♂♂, 1 ♀, at light, Stanislav Kadlec leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll.; dtto, 1 ♂, Petr Kabátek leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll.
Iran, prov. Lorestan, 10 km SW Dorud (33°26'N, 49°00'E), 1431 m, 9.vii.2004, 5 ♂♂, 1 ♀, at light, Stanislav Kadlec leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll.
Iran, prov. Lorestan, 25 km NWW Dorud (33°33'N, 48°53'E), 1874 m, 8.vii.2004, 2 ♂♂, at light, Stanislav Kadlec leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll.
Iran, prov. Lorestan, Kühha-ye Zagros Mts, 25 Km S of Dorud Seppidast, 20.-21.vi.2000, 2 ex., Gy. Rozner leg., T. Németh det. 2011, HNHM coll.
Iran, prov. Kohgiluyeh Va Boyer Ahmad, Kuh-e Dinar Mts, 2700 m, valley E of Sisaht vill. (30°50.08'N, 51°33.08'E), 6.vii.2001, 1 ♂, Miroslav Kalabza leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll.
Iran, prov. Kohgiluyeh Va Boyer Ahmad, Kuhha-ye-Zagros, Pataveh, 1567 m, 12.vi.2012, 2 ex., at light, Sándor Ilniczky leg., T. Németh det 2012, HNHM coll.; 13.vi.2012, 1 ex., Sándor Ilniczky leg. et coll., T. Németh det. 2014.Iran, prov. Fars, Shiraz [Schiras, Matthiesen, unicolor ], 1 ex., Reitter coll. in coll. HNHM.
Iran, prov. Fars, Yasug NW Shiraz, vil. Kakan (30°40'N, 51°43'E), 13.vi.1999, 1 ♂, E. & P. Hajdaj leg., J. Mertlik det. et coll
Iran, prov. Fars, (Mt) Kühha-ye Zagros, 50 Km W of Siraaz Sangar, 22.-23.vi.2000, 1 ex., Gy. Rozner leg., T. Németh det. 2011, HNHM coll.
Iran, prov. Fars, Saadat-Shah 1900 m , 20.iv.1999, 1 ex., Nikola Rahmé leg., Béla Szelenczey coll.
Iran, prov. Fars, Zagros Mts, 1450 m, 10 km N Firuz Abad (28°55'N, 52°31'E), 20.-21.iv.2000, 2 ♂♂, at light, Iran 2000 Czech Biological Expedition, J. Hájek & M. Mikát leg., NMP coll., J. Mertlik det. 2005; dtto, 1 ♂, J. Mertlik coll.; dtto, 1 ♂, M. Mikát leg., J. Mertlik coll.; dtto, 1 ♂, V. Dušánek coll., J. Mertlik det. 2014.
Iran, prov. Fars, Zagros Mts, Kuh-e Dinar, Yasuj env., Vasag, 7.vi.2006, 1 ex., at light, Sándor Ilniczky leg. et coll., T. Németh det. 2014.
Iran, prov. Fars, Zagros Mts, Kuh-e-Dinar, 15 km N from Vasag (30°30.140' N, 51°42.376' E), 2350 m, 12.vi.2007, 1 ex., László Nádai leg. et coll.

 

 

Fig. 1. Lacon nadaii, ♂
Body lenght 12.0-14.5 mm

 
Fig. 2. Lacon nadaii, ♀
Body lenght 14.0 mm

 

Fig. 3. Lacon unicolor, ♂
Body lenght 13.0-17.5 mm

 

Fig. 4. Lacon unicolor, ♀
Body lenght 15.5-17.5 mm

 

Fig. 5. Distributional map of Lacon nadaii (black dots) and Lacon unicolor (red dots).

 

Fig. 6. Turkey, prov. Mardin, Haberli, 17.-19.v.2001. Biotope of Lacon nadaii – foto Martin Rejzek.
Trip-report of expedition is online at http://www.cerambyx.uochb.cz/

Fig. 7. Iran, prov. Fars, Zagros Mts, 1450 m, 10 km N Firuz Abad (28°55'N, 52°31'E), 20.-21.iv.2000
Biotope of Lacon unicolor – foto Jiří Hájek

 

Fig. 8. Iran at night, July 2004. Light trap and colleagues Petr Kabátek (right) and † Stanislav Kadlec
Photo by Martin Rejzek. Trip report of expedition is online at http://www.cerambyx.uochb.cz/
 

DISCUSSION

     Lacon nadaii is compared by original description to Lacon unicolor for the general shape and size. Lacon nadaii can be easily separated from L. unicolor by black piceous colour, shagreened dorsal surface giving this species a dull appearance, and shorter third antennomere.
     We had at our disposal 8 specimens of. L. nadaii and 40 specimens of L. unicolor. The characters used in the differential diagnoses are mostly stable, only one specimen of L. nadaii from Haberli (Turkey) has the third antennomere similar to that of L. unicolor, and one specimen from Khurmal (Iraq) has the coloration of basal part of elytra and hind pronotal angles the same as L. unicolor. Except these two cases, both species can be easily separated by the original descriptions.
     The above mentioned list of records for L. nadaii and L. unicolor enable us to delimit the borders of distributional areas of these species (Fig. 5). Both species are distríbuted in Armenian-Iranian province in Iraq-Turanian area of Holarctis. Lacon nadaii occurs in the northwestern part of that province, whilst L. unicolor is distributed in the central part.
     The bionomics of both species is unknown. Several specimens were collected by beating oak branches, however, the majority of specimens were collected at light.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

     We would like to thank Karel Schön (Litvínov, Czech Republic), who provided us with the elaterid material from the collection of late Stanislav Kadlec (Litvínov, Czech Republic),Vítězslav Kubáň (Šlapanice u Brna, Czech Republic) and Jiří Hájek (Praha, Czech Republic) who provided us with the material from the collection of the National Museum in Prague, and Giuseppe Platia (Gatteo, Italy) for providing us with the data from his collection.
     We thank Jiří Hájek and Martin Rejzek for providing us with the photographs of the habitats.


REFERENCES

BUYSSON H. du 1906: Note sur les Élatérides récoltes en Perse par M. J. de Morgan en 1894. – Bulletin de Muséum d'histoire naturele, Paris, 1: 1-4 [17-20].
CATE P. C., PLATIA G. & SCHIMMEL R. 2002: New species and records of click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae) from Iran, with a checklist of known species. – Folia Heyrovskyana, 10 (1): 25-68.
CATE P. G. 2007: Family Elateridae, pp. 89-209. In LÖBL I. & SMETANA A. (eds.): Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera, Vol. 4. Elateroidea - Derodontoidea - Bostrichoidea - Lymexyloidea - Cleroidea - Cucujoidea. – Apollo Books, Stenstrup, 935 pp.
MERTLIK J. & PLATIA G. 2008: Catalogue of the family Cebrionidae, Elateridae, Lissomidae, Melasidae and Throscidae (Coleoptera) from Turkey. – Elateridarium, 2: 1-40.
PLATIA G. & NÉMETH T. 2011: On some Palaearctic click beetles deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Coleoptera: Elateridae). – Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis hungarici, Budapest, 103: 65–106.
PLATIA G. 2013: Click-Beetles collected in Iran by the expeditions of the Naturkundemuseum Erfurt with description of two new species (Insecta: Coleoptera: Elateridae). – Vernate, 32: 391-402.
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